|Woman in striped dress|
There is information about another rather colourful
LILIAN LANCASTER [TENNANT] [1852-1939] a Victorian pantomime artiste and humorous map maker. From this very interesting article by Roderick M. Barron I found that the two Lilians were related.
According to Mr Barron, it seems the elder Lilian had two nieces, Dora and Lilian, the daughters of her elder brother, William James Lancaster. He mentions that Lilian junior was a noted artist, who studied at the Slade under Walter Sickert. In 1921 she married Alfred Clive Gardiner [1891-1960], a well- known poster artist and designer for London Transport and noted book illustrator. He later became Principal of Goldsmiths’ College, London and they had two children. In 1914 Dora married the important sculptor, Edmund Thomas Wyatt Ware (d.1960) and they also had two children.
From this I've identified a number of connections to follow up. Hopefully I will will be able to add further under the headings below:-
- Young Lilian's father, William James Lancaster.
- Her connections to the Slade and/or
- Walter Sickert. (31 May 1860 – 22 January 1942) Sickert was an influential teacher at Westminster School of Art, The Tate website has interesting insights into Sickert, but nothing to add to Lilian's story directly.
- Her husband Alfred Clive Gardiner and their two children. According to the London Transport Museum he was born in Blackburn, Lancashire, 1891 died 1960. He studied at the Slade 1909-1912 and at the Royal Academy Schools 1913-1914. He designed posters for the Underground Group and London Transport 1926-1951. He taught art at Goldsmith's College School of Art from 1929and became its Principal in 1952. He was an influential British designer and teacher. Elements of Cubism and Futurism can be seen in his posters. He also illustrated a number of books, including 'Leaves in the Wind' (1919). See also ISSUU Artist Biography.
- There's a short biography of Lilian herself also at ISSUU under L. From this I learn that Lilian was at the Slade from 1906-1910 under Henry Tonks and Fred Brown. Then at the Royal Academy Schools from 1910-1914 'Walter Sickert a notable teacher'. It reports that her son, Stephen Gardiner (writer) 'remembered that Sickert "regarded Lilian as his favourite pupil. He gave her one of his paintings, nude on bed, Camden Town period. Most of all she admired the French impressionists and Van Gogh and, of the impressionists Renoir, was certainly an influence" ' This source says she taught at Eastbourne College of art from 1916 - 1921. She exhibited at the RA Summer Exhibition and NEAC, of which she was a member. In 1960 after her husbands death she moved to Wytham, Oxfordshire. Manchester City Art Gallery is said to have acquired her art. I have now discovered that she lived at the Dower House at Wytham.
- Goldsmiths College.
- Her sister Dora Lancaster and her husband Edmund Thomas Wyatt Ware. Margaret Reade their daughter, born 1916, was also an artist. Her portrait was used in the Aero chocolate advertising campaigns.
If you can offer any insights into the life of Lilian Lancaster please email me.